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CBSE Class 9 Maths Syllabus

by PW Gulf
August 30, 2023

Mathematics is often regarded as a foundation for problem-solving, logical reasoning, and analytical thinking. The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) recognizes the significance of mathematics in shaping students' cognitive abilities and real-world problem-solving skills. The CBSE Class 9 Maths syllabus, meticulously designed to provide a comprehensive mathematical foundation, aims to equip students with the tools they need to excel in both academic and practical endeavors.

CBSE Class 9 Maths Syllabus: An Overview

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) Class 9 Mathematics syllabus is a comprehensive framework that lays the foundation for a deep understanding of mathematical concepts and problem-solving skills. With a structured approach, the syllabus covers a range of topics designed to equip students with essential mathematical knowledge and analytical thinking. Let's delve into the key components of the CBSE Class 9 Maths syllabus.

CBSE Class 9 Maths Chapter Wise Weightage:


UnitsUnit NameMarks
Total 80


Complete CBSE Class 9 Maths Syllabus for Board Exam 2024: Download PDF Here

Understanding the Complete CBSE Class 9 Maths Syllabus: 

The CBSE Class 9 Maths syllabus is structured to guide students through fundamental mathematical concepts and applications. It encompasses various mathematical domains, ensuring a well-rounded mathematical education. The syllabus consists of five units, for CBSE Class 9 Maths Syllabus Term 1 and Term 2 each focusing on different aspects of mathematics:

Unit I: Number Systems:

  • Real numbers, rational and irrational numbers
  • Euclid's division lemma, fundamental theorem of arithmetic
  • Decimal representation of rational numbers
  • Operations on real numbers
  • Laws of exponents for real numbers
  • Rationalization of real numbers

Unit II: Algebra:

  • Polynomials and their operations
  • Zeroes of a polynomial
  • Remainder and factor theorems
  • Algebraic identities
  • Linear equations in two variables and their graphical representation
  • Pair of linear equations in two variables and their elimination and substitution methods
  • Quadratic equations and their solutions
  • Arithmetic progressions

Unit III: Coordinate Geometry:

  • Cartesian system of rectangular coordinates
  • Distance formula and section formula
  • Area of a triangle

Unit IV: Geometry:

  • Lines and angles
  • Properties of parallel lines
  • Triangles and their properties
  • Congruence of triangles
  • Similarity of triangles and their criteria
  • Pythagoras theorem and its converse
  • Quadrilaterals and their properties
  • Areas of parallelograms and triangles

Unit V: Mensuration:

  • Area of plane figures
  • Surface area and volume of cubes, cuboids, cylinders, cones, spheres
  • Conversion of one solid shape into another


  • Bar graphs 
  • Histograms (with varying base lengths), 
  • Frequency polygons

CBSE Class 9 Maths Syllabus Internal Assessment:

In addition to the theoretical concepts, the CBSE Class 9 Maths syllabus emphasizes practical applications and problem-solving. The internal assessment component encourages students to engage with real-world problems, apply mathematical concepts, and communicate their solutions effectively.

CBSE Class 9 Maths Syllabus Learning outcome 

  • Acquire a strong grasp of real numbers, including rational and irrational numbers.
  • Apply Euclid's division lemma and understand the fundamental theorem of arithmetic.
  • Demonstrate proficiency in decimal representation of rational numbers.
  • Utilize operations on real numbers and comprehend the laws of exponents and rationalization.
  • Understand the concept of polynomials and perform operations involving them.
  • Identify zeroes of a polynomial and apply the remainder and factor theorems effectively.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of algebraic identities and their applications in problem-solving.
  • Solve linear equations in two variables and graphically represent them.
  • Solve pairs of linear equations using methods like elimination and substitution.
  • Solve quadratic equations and understand their solutions.
  • Grasp the fundamentals of the Cartesian coordinate system and apply the distance and section formulas.

The Journey to Mathematical Proficiency:

The CBSE Class 9 Maths syllabus not only imparts mathematical knowledge but also nurtures critical skills such as logical thinking, pattern recognition, and systematic analysis. The syllabus encourages students to explore mathematical concepts beyond the confines of textbooks, fostering a deeper understanding of the subject.

The CBSE Class 9 Maths syllabus is a carefully curated roadmap to mathematical proficiency. It empowers students to develop a strong mathematical foundation that will serve them not only in academics but also in various aspects of their personal and professional lives. By fostering analytical thinking and problem-solving abilities, the syllabus plays a crucial role in shaping well-rounded individuals equipped to tackle the challenges of the modern world

CBSE Class 9 Maths syllabus FAQs

Q1: Is class 9 CBSE Maths tough?

Ans: The complexity of CBSE Class 9 Maths varies among students. It introduces foundational concepts for higher classes and might be demanding due to the transition. However, with consistent practice, it can be managed effectively.

Q2: Which is the toughest topic in Maths class 9?

Ans: The perception of the most challenging topic differs among students. Some find quadratic equations, algebraic identities, or coordinate geometry tough, while others may struggle with concepts like surface area and volume. Adequate understanding and practice can make these topics more approachable.

Q3: What is the pattern of CBSE exam for Class 9 Maths?

Ans: The CBSE Class 9 Maths exam pattern generally comprises two sections: A and B. Section A includes objective Qs, like multiple-choice and very short AnsQs. Section B consists of short and long AnsQs, allowing students to demonstrate a deep understanding.

Q4: How many lessons are there in Maths class 9?

Ans: The CBSE Class 9 Maths syllabus encompasses several chapters across six units: Number Systems, Algebra, Coordinate Geometry, Geometry, Mensuration, and Statistics. In total, around 15 chapters cover these units.

Q5: Is Class 9 Maths difficult than class 10?

Ans: The difficulty level of math is subjective. Class 9 sets the foundation for advanced concepts in Class 10. While Class 10 math involves more complex topics, some students find Class 9 math challenging due to the school transition. Consistent study habits and a strong grasp of Class 9 concepts ease the transition to Class 10 math.

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